What is Zeolite

Zeolite is a natural mineral created many years ago by volcanic ash falling into an alkaline water source and being put under pressure.

zeolite-formation

This pressure combination resulted in a mineral with a porous three-dimensional honeycomb framework with a net negative charge.

The combined honeycomb framework and net negative charge, allows Zeolite to both absorb liquids and adsorb compounds.
The finished product works both like a sponge and a magnet; soaking up liquids and exchanging magnetic compounds.

How Zeolite Works

Zeolite is effective against animal odors in three ways:

1. Absorption
(Like a sponge)

2. Adsorption
(Like a magnet)

3. Neutralization
(Cation exchange)

Because of its net negative charge it attracts positively charged compounds.
Like ammonia.
Ammonia is the primary odor and bacteria producer found in pet urine.
Zeolite attracts odors through magnetism, absorption, and adsorption.

magnet-graphic

zeolite-graphic

Zeolite then eliminates odors by exchanging ions, and neutralizing odor causing compounds.

Zeolite is a natural mineral found in deposits throughout the western half of the United States.

 zeolite-graphicZeolite is one of the rare minerals that possess a natural negative charge. The combination of the honeycomb structure and net negative charge allows Zeolite to both absorb liquids and adsorb elements based on the strength of the chemical bond. The magnetic attraction an element has to Zeolite is called the CEC value or ability to ion-exchange while the honeycomb structure utilizes molecular sieve to filter compounds.

Generally, natural zeolite consists of an open, three dimensional cage like structure with a vast network of open channels. These channels flowing throughout each granule are what make zeolite such a capable absorbent. Once the loosely bound, positively charged atoms (cations) travel through a channel, they become bound to the negatively charged honeycomb structure.

Zeolite has an aluminosilicate framework. Which simply means minerals composed of aluminium, silicon, and oxygen, plus countercations. This framework provides exceptional strength and stability to the honeycomb structure. It also makes it very difficult for the positively charged atoms (cations) to leach from Zeolite.

There are a few factors that determine the absorption/adsorption capabilities of natural Zeolite. They are molecular structure, surface area, surface charge density, and cation exchange capacity. These factors will determine bulk density and stability under various conditions. For example Zeolite may have a higher bulk density after it has adsorbed heavy metals due to the fact it has added matter to itself. The smaller the granule size of Zeolite the more it will absorb and adsorb due to the added surface area.

The varying sizes allow for different industrial applications. The smaller the size, the faster absorption will occur. Larger granule sizes are useful for water clean-up projects. The larger sizes  allow for water to flow to the desired back flow pressure. For most jobs a mixture of varying granule sizes is necessary for best results. Ida-Ore Zeolite is set up to create custom Zeolite mixtures quickly and easily.

Ida-Ore Mining, LLC is capable of producing the following mesh sizes:
3/4″-3 mesh (x-large)
3-7 mesh (large)
7-14 mesh (medium)
14-40 mesh (sand)
20-50 mesh (small)
40- mesh (powder)
325- mesh (ultra fine)
*custom sizes and blends also available.

Images of our mesh sizes can be viewed on our Zeolite Specs page.